This module covers the approach to examination, starting with when the child is observed playing or walking into the room.
The pGALS (paediatric Gait, Arms, Legs and Spine) basic examination is described.
Links to the pGALS App (with language translations) Google Play or Apple Store are provided.
Take a look at the pGALS e-module - a case based introduction to the use and interpretation of pGALS in clinical practice. E-modules are available Newcastle University Short Online Courses⇒
pREMS (paediatric Regional Examination of the Musculoskeletal System) is a systematic detailed examination of a particular joint, based on the ‘look, feel, move’ principle. Video demonstrations of each component of pREMS are available.
pGALS helps to identify abnormal joints or regions and pREMS enables a more detailed assessment. Both are important and we would recommend at least pGALS as part of a general assessment.
A further demonstration of pGALS and pREMS being used together in a child with joint contractures is also available.
A revision guide for musculoskeletal examination is available from GeekyMedics