This website uses cookies to give you the best experience. By continuing to use this website you are consenting to cookies being used. You can delete and block cookies from within your browsers settings. For more information please refer to our privacy and cookie policy page.


Kawasaki Disease

Kawasaki disease (KD) - tends to affect young children (under 5 years) with potential to develop aneurysms of coronary and other blood vessels with severe long term morbidity and mortality. Prompt diagnosis and early treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin and high dose aspirin, markedly reduce the risk of developing coronary aneurysms.

The characteristic features of KD include fever > 5 days, red palms and soles with characteristic skin peeling after 10-14 days (photograph below), widespread rash, bilateral (non-purulent) conjunctivitis, red lips, tongue and oral cavity with infected throat and cervical lymphadenopathy.

The photograph below shows characteristic skin peeling after 10-14 days. 

Reactivation of BCG at the site of the skin inoculation (below), is a characteristic feature observed in KD and can be helpful in the differential diagnosis of a child presenting with a febrile illness.

 The photograph below shows typical features of bilateral conjunctivitis and red lips in KD

The chart below describes the typical features of KD (used with permission from Dr Raju Khubchandani, Mumbai, India) - the full article is available in resources 


Site Statistics

To date (end of August 2021) PMM has >910,640 hits and >376,455 users from 221 countries!

Why register?

Some parts of PMM which involve pictures or videos of children, can only be viewed by registered users. Registering also allows you to bookmark favourite pages and track your viewing.

find out more

Short online courses

from Newcastle University, UK

e-resources from PMM

pmm for you

Please help us ensure pmm is as useful to you as possible by completing this short survey

complete survey