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Whether you are looking to learn more about paediatric musculoskeletal problems, or are involved in the care of children, then PMM and PMM-Nursing will help you change your clinical practice for the better.

Examples of abnormal pGALS

Take a look at the pGALS app which describes the pGALS manoeuvres, what to look for and provides some examples of abnormalities that you may find.

The following are examples of what you may find when performing a pGALS examination:

The photograph below shows swelling of the fingers and wrists in polyarticular Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis.

The photograph below shows flat feet in a normal healthy young child. 

The image below shows a swollen right knee due to inflammatory arthritis.

The image below shows a swollen right ankle and right calf wasting due to inflammatory arthritis