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Whether you are looking to learn more about paediatric musculoskeletal problems, or are involved in the care of children, then PMM and PMM-Nursing will help you change your clinical practice for the better. PMM is free and open to all !

Ranges of joint movement

Some examples of ranges of joint movement and how they are described 

Hand and Wrist - flexion and extension

Hand and Wrist - radial and ulnar deviation 

Wrist - supination and pronation 

Elbow - flexion and extension 

Shoulder - internal and external rotation in shoulder abduction 

Shoulder - abduction and glenohumeral rotation 

Hip - Abduction 

Hip - Extension 

Knee - flexion and extension 

Foot and ankle - inversion